By combining carbon-based nanomaterials with photochromic molecules, one can achieve reversible changes in geometrical structure, electronic properties and nanoscale mechanics triggering by light.This thus enables a reversible modulation of numerous physical and chemical properties of the carbon-based nanomaterials towards the fabrication of cognitive devices.This study evaluated the applicability of a photochromic time temperature indicator (TTI) to monitor the time–temperature history and shelf life of chilled boneless chicken breast.The results showed that the smart indicator showed good reproducibility during the discoloring process in all the conditions investigated.This review examines the state of the art with respect to these responsive materials, and seeks to identify future directions for investigation.Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass and it forms a vast number of compounds, more than any other chemical element.This digital collection represents a portion of a larger collection, totaling 14,500 postcards, donated to the Library in 1986 by Leonard Lauder, executive, philanthropist, and art collector. In 1905 the firm became the Detroit Publishing Company, continuing to use the trade name "Phostint" for its patented color reproduction process.Western landscape photographer William Henry Jackson was long associated with the firm, bringing his and other photographers' negatives to the image stock published by the company.
© 2013 Optical Society of America Full Article | PDF Article You do not have subscription access to this journal.Among various moieties, the functionalization of carbon-based systems with building blocks that can respond to external stimuli enables the generation of smart/dynamic carbon-based nanomaterials, by offering additional remote controls (for example, light, mechanical pressure, p H, electric/magnetic fields and so on) to modulate their properties.Among various stimuli, light is a perfect choice since it features high spatio-temporal resolution and it is non-invasive over a wide range of wavelengths.Photographers' names are not associated with individual postcard images, although art reproductions and illustration series are credited. Postcards showing tourist and recreational attractions and facilities, natural features; monuments; streets, residences, government buildings, military facilities and training; religious buildings including churches and missions, commercial and industrial buildings; colleges, libraries, museums, schools, organizations' buildings, railroads, (including views of the California Limited in which William Henry Jackson travelled to photograph and promote the Detroit Publishing line), canals, ships, harbors, lighthouses; historic and literary sites; portraits, including Native Americans, Chinese Americans and African Americans (including racial stereotypes), political, literary and other famous figures; tombs of famous people and other views of cemeteries; parks, including national parks; sports; yachts; the Panama-California International Exposition and the Panama Pacific International Exposition; animals and birds; plants and trees including garden and wildflower series; agriculture; fishing industry; steel industry; pottery industry; automobiles; interiors of buildings; views in other countries including Canada, Cuba, England, Mexico, Puerto Rico and the Bahamas.Diminishing sales and rising competition from rival firms sent the Detroit Publishing Company into receivership in 1924, and its assets were finally liquidated in 1932. Also includes art reproductions, cartoon series including Gibson Girls; views of Japanese "girls"; cowboys and cowgirls, and other western views. Content: The collection of postcards includes images from the earliest 1898 Photochrom publications, through the last series using the Detroit Publishing imprint, which was begun in 1931.The response was not only visibly interpretable but also well adaptable to measurement using appropriate equipment.